(This posting includes a handout which you are welcome to use with your students.)
I recently put my students in small groups, gave them a list of sentences and asked them to identify which were incorrect and to correct those. Several of the groups either thought that this sentence was correct or believed that there was something wrong with it but couldn’t correct it:
- She doubted him to go to the party on Friday.
Surprisingly, these were advanced-level students who were stymied by this. In fact, when they asked me to explain the problem, some of them asked me, “Are you sure it’s wrong? It sounds right to me.” I imagine that the reason for their confusion is because they are familiar with the pattern of Subject + Verb + Object:
Actually, this is not a difficult grammar structure for students to learn, even lower level students. Basically, I tell them that after certain verbs, they should write “that” + subject + verb. (Technically, the word “that” is optional, but to keep it simple, I tell them to write “that.”) Although the formal term of this structure is “noun clauses,” I don’t expect them to remember that. If they can remember which verbs are followed by this structure, they’ll be fine.
These are some examples of this kind of mistake:
Mistake: She doubted him to go to the party on Friday.
Correct: She doubted that he would go to the party on Friday.
Mistake: His parents worry their kids to get into an accident.
Correct: His parents worry that their kids will get into an accident.